Guide to collections

Collection of type specimens of non-arthropod invertebrates

Name Collection of type specimens of non-arthropod invertebrates
Alternative name MCNB. Col. type specimens non-arthropod invertebrates
Cite as Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona (MCNB). Collection of type specimens of non-arthropod invertebrates
MCNB. Col. type specimens non-arthropod invertebrates
Description Collection consisting of type specimens of non-arthropod invertebrates, either dry, wet in ethanol, in microscopic preparations or in stubs for SEM. It consists of around 2400 specimens belonging to 156 taxa grouped in 326 lots, and includes both continental and marine fauna from the phylums Briozoa, Cnidaria, Mollusca, Nematoda and Platyhelmintha. Numerically, the best represented group is the continental molluscs (70% of lots and 80% of taxa), followed by the Cnidaria and other phyla. The collection has a wide-ranging geographical scope: the continental molluscs are largely from the Iberian Peninsula (above all Catalonia), with some from Morocco. The origin of the remaining specimens is more diverse: Mediterranean, southern Atlantic and Antarctic (marine specimens), and Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Tanzania and Thailand (parasitic worms belonging to the phyla Nematoda and Platyhelmintha). The oldest lots (continental molluscs) originate from the Museum’s historical collections made by collectors such as Artur Bofill, Joan Baptista d'Aguilar-Amat, Joan Rosals and Manuel de Chía. The most recent material corresponds to collections or samples donated in recent years by Luis Gasull and Miquel Bech (shell collections), the Institute of Marine Sciences (Spanish National Research Council), the University of Seville (reference collection of Cnidaria and Bryozoa), and the University of Barcelona (Nematoda and Platyhelmintha). The classic collections campaigns conducted by malacologists associated with the Museum and the expeditions and research projects set up by universities and other scientific institutions have provided the Museum with the bulk of its type specimens. Data from a part of the collection can be consulted on-line at the website of the Barcelona Natural History Museum, on the Wikicollecta platform (web Bioexplora) and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility website, as well as in published type catalogues. The type specimens have been incorporated into ZooBank (official register of zoological nomenclature).
Provenance The setting up of the type-specimen collection began in the 1990s as one of the priorities of the Department of Non-Arthropod Invertebrates headed by Francesc Uribe. In the case of the molluscs, the most numerous of all the groups, dry type-specimens are found in the historical collections by Artur Bofill, Joan Baptista d'Aguilar-Amat, Joan Rosals, Manuel de Chía and the Royal Academy of Science and Arts of Barcelona. These collections with their corresponding type specimens were merged during the reorganization of the malacological section of the Museum undertaken by A. Bofill i Poch (1891–1929) and J. B. d’Aguilar-Amat (1929–1936). The location, segregation and documentation of the type series carried out recently by the Department, along with the validation and introduction of nomenclatural acts (by the malacologist A. Martinez-Ortí), were vital steps in the organization of this collection of mollusc type-specimens. Other important sources of material are the collections belonging to L. Gasull and M. Bech (authors of most of the newly included taxa), which have been subject to a similar process regarding the management of their type specimens. The most recently added taxa include donations of taxa described by C. R. Altaba, J. Corbella, B. Kokshoorn, A. Martínez-Ortí, C. Prieto and A. I. Puente, amongst others (both dry and wet specimens). Type specimens of the non-mollusc invertebrates have been given to the Museum in recent years by investigators belonging to institutions such as the University of Barcelona (Nematoda and Platyhelmintha), Institute of Marine Sciences (Spanish National Research Council) and the University of Seville (Cnidaria and Bryozoa), with the backing (in the case of the Cnidaria) of the Ministry of Economy and Competiveness (Ref. CGL2011-14605-E). The authors of the new taxa (and also the donors) include researchers such as J. C. Casanova, J. M. Gili, O. González-Moreno, M. Gracenea, P. López-González, T. Madurell, A. Ribas and M. Zabala. The type collection includes samples collected during a number of different campaigns and expeditions: the classic expeditions in Catalonia and to western Morocco, and the oceanographic expeditions to the south Atlantic and the Antarctic conducted by members of the Institute of Marine Sciences and the University of Seville. The publicizing of the collection has been carried out via the website of the Barcelona Natural History Museum, on the Wikicollecta platform (web Bioexplora) and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility website, as well as in published type catalogues. The type specimens have been incorporated into ZooBank (official register of zoological nomenclature).
Kingdom coverage Animalia
Taxon coverage Briozoa, Cnidaria, Mollusca, Nematoda, Platyhelmintha
Common name coverage corals, flatworms, freshwater snails, jellyfish, land snails, roundworms, slugs, snails, worms
Geospatial coverage Andorra, Antarctica (strength), Balearic Islands (strength), Catalonia (strength), Iberian Peninsula (strength), Iberian Pyrenees (strength), Italy, Mediterranean Sea, Morocco, South Atlantic Ocean, Spain (strength), Tanzania, Thailand
Expeditions ANT XIX/5-LAMPOS campaing to Antarctica
ANT XV/3-EASIZ 2 campaing to Antarctica
ANT XVII/3-EASIZ 3 campaing to Antarctica
ANT XXI/2-BENDEX campaing to Antarctica
Africana 045 Cruise campaing
Benguela VI campaing to Southeastern Atlantic
Cape Egg and Larval Programme (CELP) campaing
INDEMARES I campaing
Museum expedition to Western Morocco
Collectors Aguilar-Amant, Joan Baptista d'
Alonso, María Rosario
Altaba, Cristian, R.
Altimira Aleu, Carles
Altonaga, Kepa
Aten, D.
Auroux Poblador, Lluís
Bataller i Calatayud, Josep R.
Bech i Taberner, Miquel
Bellés Ros, Xavier
Bofill i Poch, Artur
Borredà, Vicent
Bos, M. M.
Bros Catón, Vicenç
Cobos Sánchez, Antonio
Codina i Ferrer, Ascensi
Corbella Alonso, Jordi
De Fez Sánchez, Siro
Erkelens, Inge
Escolà Boada, Oleguer
Español i Coll, Francesc
Fagot, Paul
Fernández, Guillem
Ferrer Bravo, Mariano
Font i Quer, Pius
Gasull Martínez, Luis
Gili Sardà, Josep Maria
Girardi, Henri
Gofas, Serge
González Moreno, Olga
González Silvestre, Josep Vicent
Graak, Wolfgang
Gros, Enric
Guillén Mestre, Glòria
Gómez Moliner, Benjamín J.
Herrero-Borgoñón, J. J.
Ibáñez, Miguel
Kobelt, Wilhelm
Kokshoorn, Bas
Lindenburg, P.
López Alabau, Antonio
Manga González, María Yolanda
Martínez Ortí, Alberto
Muntaner, A.
Ortiz de Zárate López, Adolfo
Ortiz de Zárate Rocandio, Antonio
Pipó, Francisca
Prieto Sierra, Carlos Enrique
Puente Martínez, Ana isabel
Pérez Ferrer, Antonio
Ramírez, Fermí
Ribas Salvador, Alexis
Schoor, M. van
Valledor de Lozoya, Arturo
Vayreda, Pedro
Viader, J. Maria
Collection type Preserved
Primary purpose Research
Include types Yes
Grouping principle Taxonomic
Formations periods 1990-
Development statuses Passive growth
Collection extents 156 taxa, 2400 specimens, 326 lots
Documentation state Documentary control of 100% of lots (register, inventory and computerization). Validation, updating of the taxonomic situation and the introduction of the nomenclatural acts required for the type specimens from the old malacological collection.
Object class colonies, invertebrate skeletons, shells, whole organisms
Specimen preservation methods Fluid-preserved, No Treatment, SEM stub, Slide mount
Preparation and conservation Dry material boxed and wrapped in protective elements in individual containers. Labelled with Tyvek labels. Periodical quality controls of the preserving fluid of wet specimens. Monitoring of the environmental conditions in storage areas.
McGinley conservation statuses Level 8
Conservation status date 22-10-2014 (dd-mm-yyyy)
Institution Natural Science Museum of Barcelona - Non-Arthropod Invertebrates Department
Subcollections Collection of type specimens of molluscs
Associated person Miguel Prieto (Documentalist), Francesc Uribe (Curator),
Item level access MCNB Mollusca GBIF online database (date when consulted) (accessed through GBIF data portal,, 2013-09-04)
WIKICOLLECTA. Espai de consulta de col·leccions destacades del Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona.
Col·leccions en línia de Zoologia (MCNB) / Online Zoological Collections (MCNB)
Related material Bech, M., 1993. Descripción de nuevas especies para la malacofauna ibérica. Butlletí del Centre d'Estudis de la Natura del Barcelonès-Nord, 2(3): 271-277.

Bofill, A. & Haas, F., 1920. Estudi sobre la malacologia de les valls pirenaiques. II. Vall del Noguera Ribagorçana. Treballs del Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona, 2: 5–99.

Bofill, A., 1886. Contributions a la faune malacologique de la Catalogne. I. Bulletin de la Société Malacologique de France, 3: 151-164.

Bouillon, J., Pages F. & Gili J.M., 2001. New species of benthopelagic hydroidomedusae from the Weddell Sea. Polar Biology, 24(11): 839-845.

Corbella, J., Alba, D.M., Tarruella, A., Guillén, G. & Prats, L., 2009. Noves espècies de Moitessieria Bourguignat, 1863 (Neotaenioglossa: Rissooidea: Moitessieriidae) de la Font del Racó de la Pastera (Ulldemolins, el Priorat, Catalunya, Espanya). Spira, 3(1): 59-86.

Fagot, P., 1884. Contribution a la faune malacologique de la Catalogne. Annales de Malacologie, 2: 169–194.

Fagot, P., 1887–1888. Contribuciones a la fauna malacológica de Aragón. Catálogo razonado de los Moluscos del Valle del Éssera. Crónica Científica, 10–11: 345–484, 31–198.

Gasull, L., 1963. Descripción de unas nuevas formas del género Helicella (Xeroplexa) de Baleares. Boletín de la Sociedad de Historia Natural de Baleares, 9: 81-92.

Gittenberger, E., 1973. Beiträge zur kenntnis der Pupillacea III. Chondrinidae. Zoologische Verhandelingen, 127: 1-267.

Gracenea, M. & González-Moreno, O., 2002. Life Cycle of Brachylaima mascomai n. sp. (Trematoda: Brachylaimidae), a Parasite of Rats in the Llobregat Delta (Spain). Journal of Parasitology, 88(1): 124-133.

Kokshoorn, B. & Gittenberger, E., 2010. Chondrinidae taxonomy revisited: New synonymies, new taxa, and a checklist of species and subespecies (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Zootaxa 2539: 1-62.

Madurell, T., Zabala, M., Domínguez-Carrío, C. & Gili, J.M., 2013. Bryozoan faunal composition and community structure from the continental shelf off Cap de Creus (Northwestern Mediterranean). Journal of Sea Research, 83: 123-136.

Martínez-Ortí, A. & Uribe, F., 2008. Los ejemplares tipo de las colecciones malacológicas del Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona y del Museu Valencià d'Història Natural. Arxius de Miscel·lània Zoològica, 6: 1-156.

Pagès, F., Flood , P., & Youngbluth, M., 2006. Gelatinous zooplankton net-collected in the Gulf of Maine and adjacent submarine canyons: new species, new family (Jeanbouilloniidae), taxonomic remarks and some parasites. Scientia Marina, 70: 363-379.

Ribas, A. & Casanova, J.C., 2004. A new whipform, Trichuris feliui (Nematoda, Trichuridae) from Talpa europaea (Insectivora, Talpidae). Acta Parasitologica, 49(2): 140-144.

Zapata-Guardiola, R. & López-González, P.J., 2010. Two new species of Antarctic gorgonians (Octocorallia: Primnoidae) with a redescription of Thouarella laxa Versluys, 1906. Helgoland Marine Research, 64(3): 169-180.